- 1947 From the
London Conference to the UN Partition Recommendation
Jerusalem street scene outside Jaffa Gate, early 1940s.
"Before Their Diaspora"
- London Conference ends with no
- Malcom MacDonald, Colonial Secretary
of State, issues White Paper of 1939 embodying British solution to Palestine
problem: conditional independence for unitary Palestinian state after ten
years; admission of 15,000 Jewish immigrants annually into Palestine for
five years, with immigration after that subject to "Arab acquiescence";
protection of Palestinian land rights against Zionist acquisition.
- British House of Commons votes
268 to 179 to approve White Paper of 1939.
- Irgun calls for conquest of Palestine
- Outbreak of World War II.
- Stern Gang, formed under Avraham
Stern by dissident Irgunists, in protest against 1939 White Paper policy,
calls for alliance with Axis powers in war against British.
1940 - 1945
- Arrival of over 60,000 Zionist
immigrants, including 20 - 25,000 who have entered the country illegally,
increases Jewish population in Palestine to 31% of total. Registered
Jewish land ownership rises to 6% of area of country.
- Land Transfers Regulations, suggested
by 1939 White Paper to protect Palestinian land rights against Zionist
acquisition, enter into force.
- Death of Vladimir Jabotinsky, right-wing
founder of Zionist Revisionist movement.
- Avraham Stern, founder of Stern
Gang, killed by British police.
- Zionist Biltmore Conference held
in New York and attended by leading Zionists from US and Palestine, urges
that "Palestine be established as a Jewish commonwealth".
- Haganah steals arms and explosives
from British military installations.
- David Ben-Gurion states that end
of World War II will be beginning of Zionist struggle in Palestine.
- Five-year limit on Jewish immigration
extended so all 75,000 visas permitted in 1939 White Paper can be filled.
- Stern Gang and Irgun join to conduct
terror campaign against British.
- US Congress introduces joint resolution
endorsing Biltmore program.
- British Labor Party passes resolution
recommending that Palestinians be "encouraged" to move out of
Palestine to make way for Jewish immigrants.
- Failure of an attempt by Zionist
terrorists to assassinate High Commissioner Sir Harold MacMichael and Lady
Mac Michael in Jerusalem.
- Preparatory Conference on Arab
Unity held in Alexandria, Egypt, and attended by Palestinian representatives,
proposes formation of Arab state in Palestine in which non-Arab community
will have full citizenship rights.
- Stern Gang murders Lord Moyne,
British resident minister of state in Cairo.
- President Roosevelt meets King
ibn-Saud at Suez Canal and assures him US will make no move hostile to
- Covenant of League of Arab States,
emphasizing Arab character of Palestine, signed in Cairo by representatives
of Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Transjordan and Yemen.
- End of World War II in Europe.
- On visit to US, Ben-Gurion meets
with 19 prominent American Zionists, who pledge to finance purchase in
US of military industrial machinery for use of Haganah.
- President Truman asks British Prime
Minister Clement Attlee to grant immigration certificates allowing 100,000
Jews into Palestine.
- Large-scale illegal Jewish immigration
into Palestine resumes under Haganah control.
- British Foreign Secretary Ernest
Bevin issues White Paper announcing continued Jewish immigration into Palestine
after exhaustion of 1939 White Paper quota.
- Arab League secretary general objects
to continued Zionist mass immigration and inquires what contribution US
and Britain are making to relieve postwar Jewish refugee problem in Europe.
- King ibn-Saud of Saudi Arabia and
King Farouk of Egypt issue joint statement from Cairo expressing support
- Palestinians strike in protest
against British decision to allow Zionist mass immigration to continue
at rate of 1939 quota.
- Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry,
proposed in 1945 White Paper, arrives in Palestine.
- Arab League establishes fund to
protect Palestinian farmers from Zionist land acquisition.
- Anglo-American Committee report
estimates size of Jewish armed forces at around 61 - 69,000 people and
declares "private armies" illegal. Recommends admission
of 100,00 Jews into Palestine and abolition of Land Transfers Regulations.
Palestinians strike in protest.
- Arab League meeting in Syria adopts
secret resolutions warning Britain and US that disregard for Palestinian
rights will damage their oil and commercial interests in Arab World.
- Simultaneous attacks by Haganah
on eight major railroad and highway bridges.
- British forces arrest 2,675 Jews,
including four members of Jewish Agency, in retaliation for terrorist attacks.
- British White Paper on terrorism
in Palestine accuses Haganah of cooperating with IZL and Stern Gang in
acts of sabotage and violence.
- Anglo-American Conference, meeting
in London, produces Morrison-Grady Plan proposing federal scheme to solve
Palestine problem; plan rejected by both Arabs and Zionist leaders.
- Delegates from Arab States to Round
Table Conference in London proposes unitary state of Palestine, preserving
current Arab majority in which Jews would have full civil rights.
- British security officer for Tel
Aviv killed with his wife when their house blown up by Zionist terrorists.
- Inner Zionist Council declares
that only establishment of Jewish state can solve twin problems of Jewish
people and Palestine.
- Jewish Agency Executive appeals
for cessation of acts of terrorism by Jews.
- Arab League calls on Britain to
arm Palestinians against Zionist terrorist attacks.
- World Zionist Congress, meeting
in Basel, decides not to send representatives to London Conference.